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Home > MEG > Kromrey Converter とは何か

Kromrey Converter とは何か

  • 2009-07-12
  • MEG
Kromrey Converter が何であるかの説明だと思うのですが、まだ冒頭部分しか読んでいません。

Yahoo! Group - Bedini_Monopole3 への 2009.05.21 の投稿です。

英語です。

長いので内容は続きにて。


[Bedini_Monopole3] KROMREY CONVERTER OBSERVATIONS

Important observations for research in the area of Mr. Bedini's experimentation
with the Kromrey Converter.

This may at first appear to be a bit long of tooth, but read carefully as you
contemplate the possibilities of these devices and as you begin experimenting...

Points to understand about the Kromrey Converter and the G-Field devices built
by Mr. Bedini:

1. All these devices use a flux-gating technique and are variations on a theme:
MAGNETOS. (Even Mr. Bedini has stated that he builds very specialized magnetos
- even his multicoil monopole motor devices are types of magnetos.)

In the case we are discussing here, each device momentarily makes a complete
magnetic flux (or otherwise stated magnetic current) path which loads or
"charges" windings about the "flux conductor." The Flux conductor is usually a
highly magnetically permeable ferrous soft iron or iron laminate (see
transformer core) body which, when magnets and core are aligned, allow nearly
all the magnetic current or flux to flow in a closed loop. All produce a high
gradient, high voltage spike that indicates that radiant energy is to some
degree pulled into the system. The faster the device is run, the narrower the
pulse, the more radiant energy is drawn into the system. (Even the MEG is a flux
gating device, but the process is done electronically by quickly flipping flux
directions in a core loop - also see Flynn devices)

2. The flux path may be created and interrupted in several ways - These are all
motor driven converters/generators/magnetos.

A. We can build a Kromrey converter, in which we spin a copper-wound pair of
soft iron armatures past paired permanent magnet poles (see latest Bedini DVD,
in which four stacks of paired magnets make up the stator, and in which the
magneto produces double spikes of first positive pulses, then double spikes of
negative pulses (six poles would produce true alternating spikes)) In this case,
the power take-off must be through the use of slip rings or commutators and
brushes. With split commutators, it is possible to rectify the output to DC
spikes or pulses, if this is desired. This negates the need for high voltage
rectifiers or diodes.

B. We can make our stator windings stationary and rotate the magnetic field
instead. This has been shown repeatedly over the years by Mr. Bedini when he
pairs two copper wound iron core coils and rotates paired magnet armatures at
the ends of the device on a non-magnetic shaft so that with each passage of the
twin armature bars, four magnets align in series with a soft iron flux ring on
which two high voltage coils are wound. This requires no commutators or slip
rings nor brushes, and the output is either AC pulses or bridge rectified DC
pulses, depending on what is needed/desired. (DC spikes might be used for
battery charging...)

C. We can build a loop of permeable core material with one or more high voltage
windings AND one or more magnets are incorporated into the core. This would
appear like a "C", where the open ends of the "C" are close, but there is an
obvious, large air gap. We now rotate a flat soft iron star shaped rotor or
"armature" through the gap in the "C", such that there is VERY little space
between the ends of the "C" and the iron passing between them - say on the order
of less than a millimeter. When the iron passes, it momentarily completes the
magnetic "circuit" or flux path. Upon the iron's passage the "C" becomes an
open circuit again, and the magnetic flux field within the loop collapses, thus
creating a spike of energy to be generated in the field windings on the core.
Imagine a star shaped device with 15 or twenty of such "C's" around a
star-shaped rotor, with all windings in series. (Since this would be a
star-shaped flux-gating device, we could call it a Star Gate device...) You
begin to see the potential (pardon the pun) of very high voltages and radiant
influx at high RPM. In this case, the device with such fixed stator "C's" will
pulse high voltage DC. The rotor may have a number of tines that is any
multiple of the number of "C" stators. In this case for any shaft RPM we can
multiply our pulse rate and get a VERY high spike pulse rate indeed.

3. Historical precedent:

If we go back a bit in history, we will find a device that is much vaunted for
its electrical abilities. It has been associated with Keely, Muller, Lee,
Leedskalnin, and most importantly, Tesla. That device is the Model T Ford
magneto. Upon even mere cursory inspection, we find that the setup is a
sophisticated G-Field device, not merely a magneto. I am not sure anyone has
ever spun one up to any great speeds. (Anyone know redline for a Model T engine
- 3500 RPM, maybe?) Remember, we are looking for a closed magnetic loop being
momentarily established, then broken. Look at page 28 of the Model T manual,
which is downloadable here: http://ed-thelen.org/Ford-Model-T-Man-1919.pdf

Look carefully. We have 16 iron core, copper wire-wound coils, all wired in
series, and from 1910 onward, mounted on a cast iron back plate. In this case
the field coil assembly is the stator. The armature is a set of sixteen soft
iron horseshoe magnets (weak, but pretty much impervious to normal engine
operating temperatures). Note that the like poles are held together with
"Magnet Clamps" which in essence provide one large pole. The horseshoe magnets
are bolted in place with like poles of neighboring magnets touching. The
stators clearly are wound CW-CCW-CW-CCW-CW - etc. Thus, we have series of coils
that produce a very high alternating spike voltage. We can clearly seee the
complete flux loop. When poles align with coils, each horseshoe magnet forms a
complete flux path through one horseshoe pole, through one coil, through the
iron backing plate, through the neighboring coil, into the opposite pole of the
same horseshoe. It happens at every coil, through every horseshoe with every
pole passage. It is without a doubt, a brilliant design. To make it a true
G-Field device, one would of course need to ensure the magnet poles passed the
coil faces at an absolute minimum of distance. On page 29 of the manual, it is
stated that the magneto runs with a magnet to coil core distance of only 1/32 of
an inch - that is pretty close. Imagine what this could do today with
neodymium magnets (though this would be VERY difficult to break the cogging
phenomenon) or even good ferrites. Our minds start to churn at the
possibilities with today's new materials. An example would be an armature with
1/4 inch thick neodymium magnets around the periphery of a non-metallic rotor
(like Delron or Teflon), where every pair of magnets is connected by a soft iron
bar to one neighbor magnet. Now short out the output to get this thing going
with minimized drag, then throw the output across a low impedance load.
Yeeeowza.

Noteworthy on Page 59, Answer 132: If you run the generator without a battery
to charge, you must GROUND the generator. Running it open circuit will damage
the generator. VERY interesting, no? Where have we been hearing this before,
and what kind of a running generator can you GROUND without burning it up???

For more on the way the magneto was used in the Model T, see here:
http://www.mtfca.com/encyclo/ignition2.pdf

4. Motor and Generator:

A. Professor Kromrey's converter was driven by a motor, as were both the Town
Hall meeting device and the table top permanent magnet device of Mr. Bedini.
One thing that was not discussed in the DVD and which is superb food for thought
is what one can do with commutators or better said - commutator sections. Mr.
Bedini showed what was possible with his magneto-flywheel-motor free energy
device in 1984. The key here is to look carefully at his 180+ degree
commutator. You see, with these devices, particularly a two or four pole
device, the drive motor need not be ON all the time. It only needs to be pulsed
long enough to get the armature past the pole face(s). This can, as we know, be
done with commutators, or with Hall effect/power transistor, or reed
switch/power transistors, or opto-coupler/power transistors (feel free to
replace transistor with MOSFET) arrangements for very precise timing. With a
flywheel you can both store AND smooth the running by maintaining the angular
momentum and thus stored kinetic energy of the armature. Thus we can see that
we can raise the efficiency of the device even more by pulsing the drive motor
in the period when the armature pole shoes NOT aligned with pole magnet pole
pieces. With the right fiddling and rectification, perhaps we can even use the
output energy either into the drive battery, or through a cap, provide
additional motive power to the drive motor (what if it is a window motor that
only needs short pulses - hmmm?)

B. Now the final step for experimentation: What if the Kromrey Converter could
be BOTH a motor AND a generator? Enter the RELUCTANCE MOTOR, about which Dr.
Lindeman has talked so much. (Strangely, his experiments come only AFTER much
observation and tinkering in the Bedini labs...) When you look carefully at the
Kromrey Converter patent, there are errors. They are subtle, but they are
there. If you build it exactly as shown in the patent, it won't work. This may
have been intentional. I have had the pleasure of discussing these things
directly with Mr. Bedini a while ago. If you want one to work, do EXACTLY as
Mr. Bedini says or you will be frustrated. The main information to look at is
the info pertaining to the electromagnet version. This is the type of device
Mr. Bedini demonstrated at the Town Hall meeting shown in the DVD. Anybody see
where I am going with this? If you understand reluctance motors. You will see
the parallels. If you momentarily pulse the stator windings as the armature
shoe begins to align, the device draws the armature into line with the stator
poles, and thus completing the magnetic flux circuit or loop. The stator
windings must now be shut off just as the armature pole shoes align, thus
collapsing the flux in the loop, and thereby causing the windings on the
armature to deliver the output spike through the commutators to the power
take-off brushes.

BUT WAIT - THERE'S MORE! Since turning off the stator windings causes a field
collapse in the stator, since there are windings on the armature bars, there is
a concomitant, lagging but opposite field still in the armature bars. Thus,
momentarily, you get a short repulsion of the armature as it leaves the stator
poles.

Now hang a heavy flywheel on the device and you will maintain the angular
momentum and kinetic energy, and have smooth rotation of the armature.

Put an extra generator winding on the stators to collect some of the energizing
and de-energizing power pulsed into the stator windings.

Ensure you have triple windings in parallel on the armature for minimum
impedance, and make sure your load is paralleled to get down to minimum
resistance/impedance as close to a "short" as possible, and the reluctance
motor-generator should run with almost no resistance and perhaps even be able to
provide mechanical motor power.

God, I love this stuff. Glad I got some of my thoughts down in writing as I
begin to pull parts together for experimentation. Anyone know where to get
cheap transformer laminated core plates to make some special stators?

With very best regards to the group and deep thanks to Mr. Bedini for all the
incredible new found knowledge and the great view from outside the box -

Carl Hurst

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